“What we learn becomes part of who we are.”
Above mentioned quote by Kathy R. Jeffords, clearly state that Education plays a vital role in an individual’s future and give a great contribution in the development of Society. Education Sector in India has seen a tremendous growth in itself. After Independence, Government of India has come with many schemes and scholarships for individuals to strengthen education sector.
Out of various schemes and scholarships, few are listed below which are managed under Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Further, schemes are divided in:
- Elementary/Primary Education
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
- Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS)
- Secondary Education
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)
- Incentives to Girls at Secondary Stage
- National Merit cum Means Scholarship
- Adult Education
- Saakshar Bharat
- Jan Shikshan Sansthan
1. Elementary/Primary Education:
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam has thrown light on importance of Primary Education as
“India’s future depends on the quality of Primary Education”.
Elementary Education is First Phase that a child attains during few years of initial schooling. It is the foundation which helps oneself throughout the life. In many parts of India, various programs are carried to highlight the significance of Primary Education. The schemes/programs laid under Elementary Education are:
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA):
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All) program is aimed at Universalization of Elementary Education. It focuses on Free and Compulsory Education as a fundamental right for children between 6- 14 years. A Sub-program “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat” is run under SSA which emphasize on early reading and writing and early mathematics program for children studying in Class I and II. For more details, you can refer www.ssa.nic.in This scheme helps to increase education equality in our Society. Also, with Fundamental right and compulsion, it provides a ray of light for education to children’s who are surrounded by Child Labor.
Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS):
Midday Meal Scheme is a largest school meal program in World which supplies free lunches on working days for children studying in Class 1 to 8 in Government and Government-aided schools with an objective of enhancing enrollment, retention, and attendance of students. The Government has constructed around 7.81 lakh kitchen-cum-stores to ensure the safety of food grains and ensure hygienic meals to the children. Simultaneously it ensures improving nutritional levels among children. Current Provision includes Free Supply of food grains at 100 grams per child per school day at Primary and at 150 grams per child per school day at Upper Primary. For more details, you can refer at http://mdm.nic.in With such a great scheme, Government ensures children attend school regularly and gain knowledge. It also helps down to reduce the attrition rate of students in school.