‘Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today’
– Malcolm X
Roots of Education in India has enlarged itself to a long way! There has been a tremendous transformation in Education Sector including Knowledge to Percentage, Open Classes to Restricted Classroom, and Guru Dikshana to High College Fees and the list continues….
In ancient India, Education was imparted through Gurukul System. Shishyas (Students) have to leave their house and have to reside at Guru (Teacher) House or nearby till completion of education. There was no racism or social status and all were treated equally at Gurukul. Daily chores were done by Shishyas, which helped them to learn Self Discipline, and maintaining a sacred relationship between them. There were no fees compiled in this system and in return for education, Guru Dikshana, was given as a sense of acknowledgment and gratitude. Various knowledge was imparted to Students including Politics, Science, Weapons, Brain Storming and etc. This knowledge was not only limited to one-self but was also passed to further generations and was used for the betterment of one’s living and society. Highlight of this system was covering vast Knowledge and teaching shared by Guru to its Shishyas. Even today, in many parts of India, Gurukul System still exists.
In British Era, Education came into the role with an objective of political and administration purpose. British established Schools with high fees discriminating Richer and poor Indians. Education was directly linked to Social Status. At those times, many Indians, oppose to learn English and wanted to learn in Hindi/Sanskrit. However, British highlighted Education to learn the English language for applying jobs which ease their administrative control in India. Many British civilians were taught Indian languages, customs, and laws for ease of trade. On a Later stage, it further divided into Foreign Christian Missionaries, British Government, and Progressive Indians. They designed the system in way of Indian in Blood and Color but English in Taste, ideas, and outlook. Here, the highlight in System was focused more on Learning in English and a substantial decrease in gaining Knowledge was witnessed.
After Independence, there was a lot Sea Change in Education System. Governments focused on Education Sector. The Responsibility of Education was under State Governments and Central Government’s responsibility included coordination of educational facilities and the maintenance of appropriate standards in higher education and research and in scientific and technical education until 1976 and there after it became a joint responsibility of State and Central Government.Primary Education became free and compulsory. Middle Meals were started to reduce the drop rate. Many Institutes including Technical Educations were formed. A large number of Women Education was started. The Government also ensured Nights Schools were run for working mavens.
‘Do not train a child to learn by force or harshness; but direct them to it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each.’ – Plato
Present Education System is Digital Era having its own pros and cons. Firstly, it is invaded by Technology. Unlimited Options have been open which is incomplete without a Google Search. Secondly, Rise of Education Fees is taller than a Skyscrapers. Big Institutions fees went up to lakhs because of infrastructure and facilities provided along with a foreign tour. Many People have also claimed of facing racism in terms of social status, religion and quota system. Here, the Marks has a direct connection to an education and focused on more gaining percentage and be better in this competitive world. Students are burdened by education along with sports. Books weighing more than a student. Irrespective of gaining more marks, students have to be an all-rounder with relation to academics, sports or general knowledge. With the rapid increase of education pressure, there was a hike in suicides rates of students due to failure in an exam. India was losing their youth not because of a fight at the border but due to an increase of pressure in a student mind. Turnover of Indian Students to Foreign education is seen most in this Era.
Hence, with above paradigm shift in Education Sector, help us to analyze that there is a great potential of Improvement of today’s education. Imparting of Education rather than marks and grades can take the first seat. Hence, touching roots of education again where knowledge sharing was an ultimate goal of educations, can help. Also, Government has laid so many aids and facilities for education, which can help the Development of Education Sector on a next level.
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