“What we learn becomes part of who we are.”
Above mentioned quote by Kathy R. Jeffords, clearly state that Education plays a vital role in an individual’s future and give a great contribution in the development of Society. Education Sector in India has seen a tremendous growth in itself. After Independence, Government of India has come with many schemes and scholarships for individuals to strengthen education sector.
Out of various schemes and scholarships, few are listed below which are managed under Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Further, schemes are divided in:
- Elementary/Primary Education
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
- Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS)
- Secondary Education
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)
- Incentives to Girls at Secondary Stage
- National Merit cum Means Scholarship
- Adult Education
- Saakshar Bharat
- Jan Shikshan Sansthan
1. Elementary/Primary Education:
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam has thrown light on importance of Primary Education as
“India’s future depends on the quality of Primary Education”.
Elementary Education is First Phase that a child attains during few years of initial schooling. It is the foundation which helps oneself throughout the life. In many parts of India, various programs are carried to highlight the significance of Primary Education. The schemes/programs laid under Elementary Education are:
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA):
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All) program is aimed at Universalization of Elementary Education. It focuses on Free and Compulsory Education as a fundamental right for children between 6- 14 years. A Sub-program “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat” is run under SSA which emphasize on early reading and writing and early mathematics program for children studying in Class I and II. For more details, you can refer www.ssa.nic.in This scheme helps to increase education equality in our Society. Also, with Fundamental right and compulsion, it provides a ray of light for education to children’s who are surrounded by Child Labor.
Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS):
Midday Meal Scheme is a largest school meal program in World which supplies free lunches on working days for children studying in Class 1 to 8 in Government and Government-aided schools with an objective of enhancing enrollment, retention, and attendance of students. The Government has constructed around 7.81 lakh kitchen-cum-stores to ensure the safety of food grains and ensure hygienic meals to the children. Simultaneously it ensures improving nutritional levels among children. Current Provision includes Free Supply of food grains at 100 grams per child per school day at Primary and at 150 grams per child per school day at Upper Primary. For more details, you can refer at http://mdm.nic.in With such a great scheme, Government ensures children attend school regularly and gain knowledge. It also helps down to reduce the attrition rate of students in school.
2. Secondary Education:
In the Second Phase of Education, children become capable of understanding complexities of politics and abide laws of society and country. It serves as a link between Elementary and Higher education.The schemes/programs laid under Secondary Education are:
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan – RMSA (National Mission for Secondary Education)
This flagship scheme took place with an objective of enhancing access and improving quality of secondary education. It aims to provide universal education for all children between 15–16 years of age. It carries various functions such as technical consulting, multi-dimensional research and implementation and funding support. The objectives of this scheme consist of improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools abide by prescribed norms, remove gender inequality, socio-economic and disability barriers and providing universal access to secondary level education. Various Physical Facilities, Qualities, and Equity Interventions are carried under this scheme. For more details, you can refer at http://rmsaindia.gov.in RMSA focuses on Secondary education with various activities. If Secondary Education is made compulsory and free in government and government-aided schools, it will bring a tremendous change in outlook towards the development of India.
Incentives to Girls at Secondary Stage
The objective of this scheme is to promote enrollment and reduce dropouts of the girl child in the age group of 14-18 years at secondary stage of education, especially for those girls who have passed Class 8th. Incentive amounting to INR 3,000/- is deposited in the name of Eligible girls in the form of fixed deposit. The girls are entitled to withdraw the sum along with the interest amount accumulated on attaining 18 years of age and on passing the 10th class examination. Please refer website for more details: http://mhrd.gov.in/incentives
National Merit cum Means Scholarship
The objective of this scheme is to encourage students and reduce dropouts by awarding scholarships to meritorious students of economically weaker sections of the society studying in class VIII. Students whose parental income from all sources is not more than Rs. 1,50,000/- are eligible to avail this scholarship. Students are selected on basis of NMMS Exam. Scholarship of Rs. 6000/- per annum (Rs.500/- per month) per student is awarded to selected students every year from IX to XII in State Government, Government aided and local body schools. For more details, you can refer http://mhrd.gov.in/nmms
3. Adult Education
Adult education aims to prepare adults for a socio-economic, civic and political role. It has a vital role in the development of personal enrichment, individual peacefulness, enhancement in working efficiency which in turn leads towards progressive life.The schemes/programs laid under Adult Education are:
Saakshar Bharat, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme aims to reduce illiteracy and further promote and strengthen Adult Education especially for women. It has four broader objectives namely imparting functional literacy and numeracy to non-literates; acquiring equivalency to the formal educational system; imparting relevant skill development program and promote a learning society by providing opportunities for continuing education. For more details, you can refer http://saaksharbharat.nic.inThis scheme helps to increase education equality in our Society. with a major focus on Women Education.
Jan Shikshan Sansthan
The scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) is a unique scheme crafted by the Government of India focusing on weaker sections in both rural and urban areas of society by providing skill development and vocational skills. JSS institutes differ from other vocational institutes by providing quality skills and knowledge at low cost. Through a polyvalent approach, each JSS ensures a continuous access to the need-based vocational training. Since the needs vary, each JSS has the autonomy to design their courses that have flexible content, duration, and instructional arrangements. For more details, you can refer http://jss.nic.in
National Scholarship Portal
Under National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), an Online Portal for applying to Scholarship is launched https://scholarships.gov.in which helps students for online application to various scholarships. This initiative aims at providing a Simplified, Mission-oriented, Accountable, Responsive & Transparent ‘SMART’ System for faster & effective allocation of Scholarships applications and delivery of funds directly into beneficiaries account without any leakage.
The Government of India is running several schemes/programs for Education but due to lack of awareness, many people are unable to take advantage of the same. Hence, would request one and all to share the information of these schemes with needy people around you to take benefit of the same and have Education in their life…
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