‘Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today’
– Malcolm X
Roots of Education in India has enlarged itself to a long way! There has been a tremendous transformation in Education Sector including Knowledge to Percentage, Open Classes to Restricted Classroom, and Guru Dikshana to High College Fees and the list continues….
In ancient India, Education was imparted through Gurukul System. Shishyas (Students) have to leave their house and have to reside at Guru (Teacher) House or nearby till completion of education. There was no racism or social status and all were treated equally at Gurukul. Daily chores were done by Shishyas, which helped them to learn Self Discipline, and maintaining a sacred relationship between them. There were no fees compiled in this system and in return for education, Guru Dikshana, was given as a sense of acknowledgment and gratitude. Various knowledge was imparted to Students including Politics, Science, Weapons, Brain Storming and etc. This knowledge was not only limited to one-self but was also passed to further generations and was used for the betterment of one’s living and society. Highlight of this system was covering vast Knowledge and teaching shared by Guru to its Shishyas. Even today, in many parts of India, Gurukul System still exists.
In British Era, Education came into the role with an objective of political and administration purpose. British established Schools with high fees discriminating Richer and poor Indians. Education was directly linked to Social Status. At those times, many Indians, oppose to learn English and wanted to learn in Hindi/Sanskrit. However, British highlighted Education to learn the English language for applying jobs which ease their administrative control in India. Many British civilians were taught Indian languages, customs, and laws for ease of trade. On a Later stage, it further divided into Foreign Christian Missionaries, British Government, and Progressive Indians. They designed the system in way of Indian in Blood and Color but English in Taste, ideas, and outlook. Here, the highlight in System was focused more on Learning in English and a substantial decrease in gaining Knowledge was witnessed.